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Governance of Global Moon exploration and settlement – Episode 2: Operating with Due Regard, Avoiding Harmful Interference, and Establishing Safety Zones

August 06, 2020 @ 16:30 18:00 CEST

Humanity will soon be returning to the Moon through the individual and cooperative efforts of multiple space agencies and private companies around the world. This new era of lunar exploration will witness resource extraction, energy generation, habitat construction, and, in time, a growing permanent international human presence on our Moon with everything that human settlements bring.

The community of space lawyers and policymakers have responded to this new reality on multiple fronts and have produced a number of instruments including (i) the upcoming UNCOPUOS General exchange of Views on Potential Legal Models for Activities in Exploration, Exploitation, and Utilization of Space Resources, (ii) NASA’s Artemis Accords, (iii) The Hague Building Blocks for the Development of an International Framework on Space Resource Activities, and (iv) the Moon Village Principles regarding Best Practices for Sustainable Lunar Activity. Of course, all of these initiatives exist against the background of existing international law.These webinars will invite all stakeholders to learn about these various initiatives and to contribute their thoughts to the conversation. The webinar explains how each of these initiatives fulfills a different role in laying the legal groundwork for future lunar activity. These initiatives complement one another and combine to create a path toward an international legal ecosphere that will facilitate the success of the current lunar projects, while at the same time addressing the needs of the international community.

This second episode will address some of the central issues that hover above humanity’s return to the Moon:

  1. What constitutes operating “with due regard to the corresponding interests” of other nations as required under the Outer Space Treaty?
  2. What constitutes “harmful interference”, is such interference permitted, and how can it be avoided?
  3. Can “safety zones” be used by space actors to help prevent harmful interference? How will the parameters of safety zones be determined? What exactly would be the legal nature of these safety zones?




Register to participate in the webinar or watch live on the MVA Facebook Page.

The admission in the webinar will be on a first come first served basis.


  • Mike Gold, Acting Associate Administrator for International and Interagency Relations, NASA
  • Marius Piso, President and CEO, Romanian Space Agency
  • Mark J. Sundahl, Director, Global Space Law Center, Cleveland State University
  • George Danos, President, Cyprus Space Exploration Organisation
  • Giuseppe Reibaldi, President, Moon Village Association


Antonino Salmeri, SGAC


  1. 4:30 – 4:35 Introduction (Giuseppe Reibaldi)
  2. 4:35 – 4:45 The Lunar Legal Ecosphere (Mark J. Sundahl)
  3. 4:45 – 5:05 The Artemis Accords and the Best Practices for Sustainable Lunar Activities (Mike Gold)
  4. 5:05 – 5:20 The Importance of Finding a Common Level Playing Field for Lunar Activities (Marius Piso)
  5. 5:20 – 5:25 1st Online Global Moon Village Workshop & Symposium Outlook (George Danos)
  6. 5:25 – 5:45 Audience Q&A (Moderator: Antonino Salmeri, SGAC)
  7. 5:45 – 5:50 Conclusions (Giuseppe Reibaldi)


Mike Gold

Mr. Mike Gold currently serves as the Acting Associate Administrator for NASA’s Office of International and Interagency Relations. He is also responsible for providing strategic direction to the Office of General Counsel and supporting NASA’s LEO Commercialization efforts. Prior to joining NASA, Mr. Gold was the Vice President of Civil Space at MAXAR Technologies, and was also General Counsel for the company’s Radiant Solutions Business Unit. Additionally, Mr. Gold spent 13 years at Bigelow Aerospace where he established the company’s Washington office, oversaw the launches of its Genesis 1 and 2 spacecraft, and received a team award from NASA for his contributions to the Bigelow Expandable Activity Module.

Marius Piso

Mr. Marius–Ioan Piso is the President and Executive Director of the Romanian Space Agency (ROSA). He is a leading figure in space science in Romania. As an early science and technology professional, he contributed to the establishment and leadership of the Romanian Space Agency, the Institute for Space Science and the national research and development programmes in space, aeronautics and security. He is active in promoting international cooperation in space science and technology at the level of the European Union, the United Nations and other international organisations. He contributed to the development of a national research, industrial and political space community and managed the successful accession of Romania as a Member State of the European Space Agency.


August 06, 2020
16:30 – 18:00 CEST
Event Category:

Online Event